Dance is to move musically to music, commonly following a set grouping of steps. However, many people consider it as human communication and for some people dance can be searched in every culture regardless of its place and type. For some people, it is a statement of feelings. And for many, it is an image of bliss. In India, the tradition of dance is very old and is in existence since the ancient times. If we talk about the evidence of dance in India then the bronze statue of a dancing lady from the remnants of Mohenjo-Daro, various paintings of humans in the temples and stupas etc. are some of the proofs that show that dance in India existed since ages.
There are several types of Classical Indian Dance that have been born and glorified in our country. Each dance form is different from each other and is unique in its own way. Each of the dance forms has taken its shape according to the specific time as well as the effect of the surroundings.
The historical backdrop of Classical Indian Dance in our customary culture returns goes back to the period of Nataraj Nritya. In this age, it was believed that Lord Shiva lit the light of dancing and from there the custom of dance came into use. Besides, there are many more stories related to the emergence of dance in India, but the basic among these is that dance has been assumed an essential part in the mankind’s history. These days, dance holds a very special place in all types of rituals, ceremonies, celebrations, marriage, entertainment etc.
The main purpose of any Indian form of dance is to create “Ras” that is considered as the spirit created by the performer in front of their audience. India has numerous styles of Classical Indian Dance each of which depicts the different parts of our country. Each of the dance forms shows the ethos of any particular group or community of our country.
Indian dance is performed by the person’s different postures and expressions. These two are the main techniques of any Classical Indian Dance form.
1. Stylized postures:
The classical dancer expresses their dance in the form of various postures and poses. Each of the dance forms has different poses that state their unique story to the audience. Eyes and hand movements are the most important part of any classical dance form and depict the whole view. One hand can have 24 postures and also 13 postures of both hands. There are also various movements of the feet such as fluttering, rhythm, flaunting etc. that are used during the dance performance.
Eyes play the most important role in any of the dance forms as the main expression of any Classical Indian Dance is depicted through the eyes of the dancer. Postures with the appropriate expressions complete the dance form and make it perfect to look at by the viewers. The aesthetic value of classical dance totally depends on how good a dancer is in expressing any specific expression of their dance.
There are eight different forms of Classical dance in India as recognized by the Sangeet Natak Academy namely:
– Odissi and
Hence, all these Indian dance forms are unique and are all different from their postures, expressions, steps, costumes, music etc. India, as we all know has a huge and a varying diversity related to its culture, art, music, food and in the same way, its dance forms also has their own unmatched style of beautiful dancing.