Classical dance is treated as a cultural tradition in Indian since the ancient times. Folk dances of different state of India join the nation pretty much nicely. One can easily find huge crowds of people dancing at weddings and festivals. Dance and songs are primly featured in Indian cinema which is best known as ‘Bollywood’. But to reach out to the roots of Indian dance forms we’d require looking at the five renown classical and semi classical dance forms of the nation.
Kathak: A native dance form originated in northern India, it is also known as the dance of love which is usually performed by both men and women. To do this dance it requires difficult footwork and moves with having a wide clothe belt with attached bells which is typically worn around the ankles and some stylized gestures are made from normal body language. It was exclusively originated by Kathakas, professional storytellers who utilized a blend of music, dance and drama. Just like other Indian classical dances, it also began as a temple dance, however, soon moved to wider scope.
Kathakali: One of the prominent forms of classical dramatic dance of India
Being completely different from Kathak, Kathakali is the dance of southwestern India somewhere around the Kerala state; it is typically a religious dance form generally draws the inspiration from the stories of Shaiva traditions and the Ramayana. Since centuries, kathakali is performed by both boys and men, even for the roles of females. The faces during the performance look like painted masks due to the makeup and consumes and headdresses that are extensively colorful and elaborated.
Bharatanatyam: It is a dance form of south Indian state Tamil Nadu. An original temple dance for women, bharatanatyam often is performed to express devotions and Hindu religious stories. By the 20th century, Bharatanatyam was not common for any public stage. The dance movements are done with bent legs while keeping the feet match with the rhythm. Hands are usually used to represent a series of mudras (symbolic hand gestures), to tell a story.
Manipuri: This dance form is best performed by the people of Manipur, a northeastern Indian state.
It has its roots in the folk traditions and rituals of the state and often depicts the scenes from the life of the god Krishna. Opposing other rhythmic dance forms of India, Manipuri is typically characterized by gracefully smooth movements. The dance may also include choral singing and narrative chanting. Female roles are consisted with fluids in the arms and hands, whereas men tend to have more forceful movements.
Odissi: It is the native folk dance of Orissa, a state in eastern India. It is predominantly a dance exclusively for women, with postures that are best tried to replicate the sculptures found in temples. Odissi is believed to be the oldest classical dance form in India. It is highly complex and expressive dance, with more than fifty mudras commonly used.
All these are having great value in India as well other parts of the world. People even come from countries such as Australia, USA and European countries to see the dance performances and festivals. There are several institutes that provide classical and semi classical dance classes in Noida. And especially in India, these dance forms are having great scope of performance opportunities.